Venerdì, 10 Maggio, 2019
at 17.00
Aula Magna, Facoltà di Architettura, Sapienza Università di Roma, piazza Borghese 9
Housing and the City. LOVE versus HOPE
a book by Daniel Solomon
Shiffer, 2018 (
Welcome remarks by
Orazio Carpenzano, Director, Dipartimento di Architettura e Progetto
Dina Nencini, Coordinator, Dottorato in Architettura e Costruzione DRACo
Daniel Solomon
Lucio Barbera, Anna Irene Del Monaco, Jean-Francois Lejeune, Attilio Petruccioli, Antonino Saggio
Moderated by
Anna Irene Del Monaco
[Daniel Solomon, Emeritus professor UC Berkley, Visiting Professor 2015 at Sapienza/DiAP/DRACo]

Puerto Rico Re_Start


Puerto Rico Re_Start

Puerto Rico Re_Start 2018
March 16th to 26th 2018 San Juan – Puerto Rico

Urban Anemia

#urbananemia; in the international workshop Puerto Rico Re_Start ( with the participation of
UNESCO Chair in Sustainable Quality and Urban Culture, notably in Africa I diagnosed
the situation of the human settlement in the area as URBAN ANEMIA.

#urbananemia: human settlement physically and functionally appears to be still in a good
state but the demographic, social, economic and cultural resources are in a continuous silent
decrease. The first symptoms of URBAN ANEMIA is the necrosis of marginal settlements.

Lucio Barbera @ Puerto Rico Re_start, 16-24 March 2018.

After the consequential Hurricanes Irma and Maria passage through the Island of Puerto Rico and the Caribbean Islands, the Office of UF VP Dr. David Norton opened the possibility of supporting UPR Faculty and Graduate Students for a limited stay at UF. We were able to receive two Faculty members and 7 students for 4 weeks. CHU acted as the host of the activities and actively engaged in logistics and academics with the visitors. Sponsored by Dean Anumba DCP, and Director Alread SOA, we developed jointly the ideas for an International Workshop, to be held yearly in Puerto Rico. The first edition will be in 2018 from March 16th to 26th

The Puerto Rico Re_Start PREP, the preparatory instance held between October 16th and October 30th, presented its results publicly on November 1st in the School of Architecture. It produced extensive background research, bibliographic and web content, alumni linkages, consolidated in a google drive data bank. The visitors returned to Puerto Rico after the conclusion.

The PR RS International Project Workshop has gathered the support of The Chancellor of UPR, the UNESCO Chair in Sustainable Urban Quality and Culture Rome, the UF Center for Latin American Studies and the College of DCP through academic units and Centers.

The Puerto Rico Re_Start International Project Workshop, PR_RS co-organized by the University of Florida and the University of Puerto Rico will address the resiliency of the Islands, with expected consequences for the Virgin Islands, Guadalupe, Dominica, Barbuda,
Haiti and Cuba. Interdisciplinary participants will gather around subjects of research and proposals. Professionals, faculty and students from UPR, UF, and international institutions from Europe and Latin America will direct the Design Laboratories, while an Open Lecture Series will discuss publicly the advancement scenarios. Representatives from stakeholders and public officials will join the discussions. Results will be presented publicly and published.

Puerto Rico Re_Start

Urban Adaptation Initiative


Urban Adaptation Initiative

21st June 2017 – Aula Fiorentino, Facoltà di Architettura, Sapienza Università di Roma, Via Gramsci 53

Open Seminar – UNESCO Chair in Sustainable Urban Quality and Urban Culture, notably in Africa, Sapienza University of Rome

Opening Remarks – 9.00
Renato Masiani, Vice Rector, SapienzaUniversity of Rome

Orazio Carpenzano, Director Department of Architecture and Design, Sapienza University of Rome

Lucio Barbera, Chair-holder UNESCO Chair in “Sustainable Urban Quality” Sapienza

Lucio Ubertini/Chiara Biscarini, UNESCO Chair “Water Resources Management and Culture”

Seminar – 9.30

Anna Irene Del Monaco, Department of Architecture and Design (Sapienza) – UNESCO Chair SUQ Secretary General
Urban Adaptation Initiative Introduction

Nancy Clark, University of Florida, Director Center for Hydro-generated Urbanism (CHU) Paradigms of Adaptation

Paolo Lupino, Regione Lazio, Parco Regionale dei Castelli Romani/former Direzione Regionale Risorse Idriche e Difesa del Suolo
Impacts of climate change on coastal protection strategies

Carlo Cecere/Francesco Napolitano, Department of Civil, Constructional and Environmental Engineering (Sapienza)
Urban Systemic Approach for Flooding Events

Michele Morganti, Department of Civil, Constructional and Environmental Engineering (Sapienza)
Federica Rosso, Department of Civil, Constructional and Environmental Engineering (Sapienza)
Michele Giglioni, Department of Civil, Constructional and Environmental Engineering (Sapienza)
Simona Mannucci, Department of Civil, Constructional and Environmental Engineering (Sapienza)

Orazio Carpenzano, Director Department of Architecture and Design (Sapienza)
A Research lecture notes on the Rome Waterfront.

Antonino Saggio, Coodinator Doctorate in Theories of Architecture (Sapienza)
Participating discussant

Panel Discussion


Design Works Presentation on Miami – 14.30

Lucio Barbera, Anna Irene Del Monaco

Teresa Pagano: New settlement in Hialeah, between Miami River and Snake Creek Canal.
Marta Rigato: The Palmer Lake industrial area urban regeneration. Urban strategies to tackle sea level rise.
Consuelo Camerota: Miami Spring Future. Habitat Miami Resilience.
Eleonora Iacobucci: Miami Spring. An adaptive neighborhood.
Luca Pozzati: Brickell District. Urban renovation and high-rise retrofitting.
Gianluca Protani: Brickell Waterfront renovation. SE 12th street high-rise retrofitting.

Alessandra Capuano, Coodinator Doctorate in Landscape and Environment Design and Management (Sapienza)
Participating discussant

Panel Discussion

Contact Organizer:

Coastal and Internal Settlements Adaption to Climate Change | 14/10/2016 | Conference


Coastal and Internal Settlements Adaption to Climate Change  | 14/10/2016 | Rome Conference


UNESCO Chair in “Sustainable Urban Quality and Urban Culture, notably in Africa”, Sapienza University of Rome
Dipartimento di Architettura e Progetto, Sapienza Università di Roma
Consortium of Hydro-generated Urbanism, University of Florida, USA.

Lucio Barbera
The Chair-holder

Conference | 14 October 2016 | UNESCO Chair in “Sustainable Urban Quality and Urban Culture, notably in Africa”, Sapienza University of Rome

Dipartimento di Architettura e Progetto, Sapienza Università di Roma – Consortium of Hydro-generated Urbanism, University of Florida, USA
Coastal and Internal Settlements Adaptation to Climate Change

Facoltà di Architettura, Sapienza Università di Roma, Piazza Borghese, 9 – Aula Magna

Morning: 9:30 – Chair: Lucio Barbera, Martha Kohen

Introduction and greetings – 9:30-10:00

Renato Masiani, Sapienza Vice-Rector

Lucio Ubertini, UNESCO Chair Water Resources Management, H2CU Sapienza

Anna Maria Giovenale, Dean of the Faculty of Architecture Sapienza

Piero Ostilio Rossi, Director of Department of Architecture and Design Sapienza

Presentation of the Conference – 10:00-10:15

Lucio Valerio Barbera, UNESCO Chair in Sustainable Urban Quality, Sapienza University of Rome

Martha Kohen, Director Consortium of Hydro-generated Urbanism, University of Florida, USA

Keynote Speech – 10:15-10:45

Franco Prodi, CNR – ISAC (Institute of Atmospheric Sciences and Climate) – The Problem of Climate Change: scientific forecast or scenarios?

Research Presentation – 11:00-11:30 

Francesco Napolitano, Sapienza University of RomeAdaptation and mitigation strategies for flood risk in urban areas

Nancy Clark, Director Consortium of Hydro-generated Urbanism, University of Florida, USA Sea Level Rise and the Future of Coastal Urban Settlements; the case of Florida 

Miami Urban Future Workshop: Sea Level Rise and the Future of Coastal Settlements – 11:30-13:00

Nancy Clark, Director Consortium of Hydro-generated Urbanism, University of Florida, USA Overall organization of the workshop (NYC, Mississippi Delta, Miami)

Martha Kohen, Director Consortium of Hydro-generated Urbanism, University of Florida, USAThe premise of the sites: Three Waterfronts Miami 

Tomaso Monestiroli, Politecnico di Milano; Silvia Aloisio, PhD Sapienza; Francesco Menegatti, Politecnico di Milano Miami Urban Future Workshop Results 

Nancy Clark, CHU UF; Valentino Matteis, PhD Sapienza; Dario Orlando, PhD Sapienza; Anna Irene Del Monaco, Sapienza Project Development by Sapienza and CHU UF students

Discussion Session – 13:00-13:30 – Moderator  Lucio Valerio Barbera

Alessandra Capuano Sapienza University of Rome, Patrizia Trovalusci Sapienza University of Rome, Francesca Giofrè Sapienza University of Rome

Lunch Break:  13:30

14:30 – Chair: Anna Irene Del Monaco, Sapienza University of Rome

Introduction – 14:30-15:00 

Lucio Valerio Barbera, UNESCO Chair in Sustainable Urban Quality and Urban Culture, notably in Africa – What message from Venice?

Research Presentation – 15:00-17:30

Orazio Carpenzano, Sapienza University of RomeChioggia, the harbour and the city

Carlo Cecere, Sapienza University of Rome The River Tiber Estuary and the coast of Rome 

Antonino Saggio, Sapienza University of Rome Tevere Cavo. An ecological infrastruture among past and future 

Nabil el Hady, Cairo University (Egypt) On a Search for a decent survival

Robinson Manguro, Kenyatta National Hospital (Kenya) Sea level rise and the Kenyan coastal infrastructure

Zhengxu Zhou, Tsinghua University Climate Adaptability of Mountainous Minorities. Villages in Southwest China

Belula Tecle Misghina, Sapienza University of Rome Eritrea Coast and Climate Change

Francesca Giofrè, Sapienza University of Rome Tools for regeneration of the ‘urban’ settlements in Central and South America

Conclusions and launching new international group and future meetings –17:30-18:00
Lucio Barbera; Martha Kohen.climate-change_final-program_14-oct_hd

Fall Field Studio in Teheran, November 2015


Fall Field Studio 2015 in Teheran
3-15 novembre 2015


Oudlajan-Sanglaj Neighborhood Urban Renovation

The UNESCO Chair in “Sustainable Urban Quality and Urban Culture” Sapienza University of Rome, […] organizes a design workshop for students and PhD candidates from the European and non-European Faculties of Architecture and Engineering. The design studio will be held in Teheran from 3-15 November 2015, and will be organized by the Teheran University, Sooreh University and University of Gamsar, with the participation of the following academic institutions:

UNESCO Chair in “Sustainable Urban Quality and Urban Culture”, Sapienza University of Rome, ITALY; Dipartimento di Architettura e Progetto DiAP, Sapienza Università di Roma;
University of Teheran, IRAN, University of Garmsar, IRAN, University Sooreh, IRAN;
Politechnic of Milan, ITALY;
Dalian University of Technology, CHINA;

Scientific Comittee: Pirooz Hanachi (Teheran University, IRAN); Lucio Valerio Barbera (Sapienza, ITALY), Hassan Ossanlo (Tehran University, Garmsar University, Sooreh University, IRAN); Yue Fan, Suo Jian (DUT Dalian, P.R. CHINA); Tomaso Monestiroli, Francesco Menegatti (PoliMi, ITALY); Anna Irene Del Monaco (Sapienza, DiAP, ITALY).

Tutors: Somayeh Fadaei Nezhad, Hadi Naderi, Claudia Zanfi, Iacopo Benincampi, Valentino Danilo Matteis, Diego Avanzo, Lang Liang

Participants: Navid Niazkar, Aida Eghbali, Wang Qin, Liu Yujia, Wang Zexia, Wang Yu, Mahdi HadavandKhani, Mohammad Reza, Wang Hanrui, Qiao Xin, Lin Siteng, Mattia Bencista, Wang Shan, Li Dongzu, Meroj Sharifi, Mona Kordi, Anahita Ovarhossein, Nooshin Danesh Heidari, Sun Haopeng, Xu Qijun, Li Shuyang, Elham Kiani Moghaddam, Fatima Rajabi, Dorna Lotfi, Mahdiar Nezam, Bahareh Kheyrkhan, Laleh Ramezani, Maryam Pourzakarya, Teng Xiaohan, Yu Luyang, Fahimeh Ameri, Fatemeh Mollazadeh, Poupak Pourbahador, Majid Gharbhzadeh, Mohammad Reza Mahmoodi, Bahareh Khazaei, Fatemeh Khodadoustan, Amin Tabatabaei, Ali Norghadami, Ahmad Ansari, Monica Napoli, Homa Kermanian, Mohammad Reza Ramezan Khani.

Workshop Teheran (Oudlajan)_2015 ita eng

Working teams:

Urban Upgrade: Anna Irene Del Monaco (professor), Iacopo Benincampi (tutor), Navid Niazkar, Aida Eghbali, Wang Qin, Liu Yujia, Wang Zexia, Wang Yu

Urban-Upgrade2 Urban-Upgrade1Urban-Upgrade3Urban-Upgrade5


Urban Super Maidan: 
Francesco Menegatti (professor), Valentino Danilo Matteis (tutor), Mahdi Hadavand Khani, Mohammad Reza, Wang Hanrui, Qiao Xin, Lin Siteng

Urban-Super-Maidan-1 Urban-Super-Maidan-2 Urban-Super-Maidan-4

Urban-Super-Maidan-6Urban-Super-Maidan-5   Urban-Super-Maidan-8

Urban Structure Enhancement: 
Tomaso Monetiroli (professor), Suo Jiang (professor), Diego Avanzo (tutor), Mattia Bencistà, Wang Shan, Li Dongzu, Meroj Sharifi, Mona Kordi, Anahita Ovarhossein, Nooshin Danesh Heidari.

oudlajan-light oudlajan-2-light

Urban Oasis: Claudia Zanfi (tutor), Sun Haopeng, Xu Qijun, Li Shuyang, Elham Kiani Moghaddam, Fatima Rajabi, Dorna Lotfi, Mahdiar Nezam, Bahareh Kheyrkhan, Laleh Ramezani, Maryam Pourzakarya


New Dwelling Pattern: 
Lucio Barbera (professor), Teng Xiaohan, Yu Luyang, Fahimeh Ameri, Fatemeh Mollazadeh, Poupak Pourbahador, Majid Gharbhzadeh, Mohammad Reza Mahmoodi, Bahareh Khazaei, Fatemeh Khodadoustan, Amin Tabatabaei, Ali Norghadami, Ahmad Ansari, Monica Napoli, Homa Kermanian, Mohammad Reza Ramezan Khani.

Pattern-1 Pattern-2 Pattern-5

Sea Level rise and the future of coastal urban settlements. Evolving concepts in urban and cultural adaptation to changing environments


Winter Field Studio 2016 in USA: New York (NY); Miami, Gainesville (Florida)
Sea Level rise and the future of coastal urban settlements
evolving concepts in urban and cultural adaptation to changing environments


Miami 2016
Sea Level Rise and the Future of Coastal Settlements
February 28-March 12th 2016

The UNESCO Chair in Sustainable Urban Quality and Urban Culture (UNESCO Chair) with the Consortium for Hydro-generated Urbanism (CHU) University of Florida are co-organizing a two week international workshop examining specific problems of sea level rise and its related effects on urban structures (financial centers, tourist settlements, leisure centers) and infrastructures (water management, mobility, energy generation) as exemplified in the Miami-Dade region and applicable world-wide. Scholars, students and professions from around the globe will be introduced to these pressing issues by traveling to New York City and to Miami and will subsequently gather at the University of Florida to participate in a 5-day interdisciplinary workshop intended to generate integrated proposals for urban resiliency (March 7th-11th). The participants will convene in New York City to discuss case study plans with various stakeholders and then will proceed to Miami to investigate urban and environmental vulnerabilities with regional experts and policy makers visiting key sites for visioning. An extended interdisciplinary team will formulate strategies of opportunity in response to the challenges of climate change. The results will be discussed on Saturday March 12th in a public forum at the University of Florida College of Design Construction and Planning. Daily public lectures will take place on UF Gainesville campus.

Directors, UNESCO World Field Laboratory 2016
Profs. Lucio Barbera & Anne Irene Del Monaco, Sapienza Universita di Roma, UNESCO Chair
Profs. Martha Kohen & Nancy Clark, University of Florida, CHU

For information, contact
To register, contact


L’uccello giardiniere; la casa come museo di sé – conference by Lucio Valerio Barbera in Vicenza, Palazzo Da Porto Palladio Museum


Casa-di-Augusto-stadio-finale-buona-05-200L’uccello giardiniere; la casa come museo di sé

Conference by Lucio Valerio Barbera

I maschi di una famiglia di uccelli dal nome astruso, quasi impronunciabile, Ptilonorhynchidae, appartenenti all’ordine dei passeriformi, nel periodo degli amori costruiscono il proprio nido in forma di elaborata struttura architettonica, a volte assolutamente straordinaria, e attorno ad essa realizzano un giardino organizzato in bell’ordine vario, adornandolo di oggetti variopinti e lucenti di grande preziosità visiva, giungendo perfino ad abbellirlo con piccoli oggetti di sasso o legno che essi stessi dipingono con pigmenti naturali per mezzo di uno «pennello» tenuto nel becco. A noi, che ammirati osserviamo le loro opere, sembra che essi dispongano la propria dimora come artistica espressione di sé, allo stesso tempo prezioso recinto ed elaborato ritratto della propria identità. Certamente riflettiamo divertiti a quanto noi somigliamo a quelle delicate creature quando cerchiamo comunque di fare della nostra abitazione una presentazione, in qualche modo nobilitata, della nostra identità, disponendo in bell’ordine vario gli oggetti d’arredo, i quadri, i parati, e quelle cose di famiglia che possano aggiungere un po’ di profondità storica al nostro profilo sociale e culturale. Ma non possiamo evitare che il pensiero corra subito alle tante – innumerevoli – dimore eccezionali che costellano di bellezza, di ricchezza artistica, di messaggi colti e preziosi la storia, le città e la natura e ci tramandano immensi patrimoni artistici assieme alla viva memoria del percorso della civiltà. Spesso quelle dimore le conosciamo perché incontrate come soggetti, tra i tanti, della storia dell’architettura, del paesaggio, della città o come palcoscenico di biografie straordinarie. A volte, invece, le conosciamo poco o per niente affatto, perché riservate agli intenditori di qualche aspetto dell’arte o perché ancora riservate alla stretta cerchia degli amici del padrone di casa. Vale la pena, per una volta, coglierne alcune e ragionarne insieme, eleggendone pochissime tra le innumerevoli, appositamente scelte di dimensioni, importanza e significati molto diversi e appartenenti a culture, luoghi e tempi molto distanti tra loro, legate unicamente dall’essere in primo luogo – o unicamente – dimora, artistica espressione di sé del suo autore, elaborato ritratto della identità dell’uccello giardiniere che le visse o le vive: la casa d’Augusto al Palatino, la villa dell’imperatore Adriano, il Palazzo d’estate della imperatrice Cixi a Pechino, la casa teatro della Città Proibita, la casa di Giulio Romano a Mantova, la casa studio di John Soane a Londra, il Vittoriale di D’Annunzio, la casa di Mario Praz a Roma, la Casa di Paolo Portoghesi a Calcata, la casa studio di Nasci Franzoia a Feltre saranno le tappe principali, ma non le uniche, della conversazione.

26 febbraio ore 16.30, Palazzo Da Porto, Palladio Museum
Contra’ Da Porti 11 Vicenza.

Asmara. An urban history – L’ADC UNESCO Chair Series #1


Asmara. An urban history – 
L’ADC UNESCO Chair Series #1
L’architettura delle città – The Journal of the Scientific Society Ludovico Quaroni
Belula Tecle-Misghina

ebook and paper copies Nuova Cultura@


This publication defines the culmination of a doctoral thesis, focusing on the urban history and development of the city of Asmara (Eritrea). The thesis had been written with the aim of tracing the history of the urban evolution of the city of Asmara in order to identify its morphology which had beengenerated by both planned and unplanned urban spatial development.

The first part of the book discusses the urban development knowledge of Asmara before 1941, in a historical and logical discourse, within an analytical framework comprising the following components: population, geography and history of the place. However, the main focus of this study is the second part which connects the colonial development of the city with the contemporary form, from 1941 to 2005.

Asmara was generatedat the beginning of 1500 A.D.,emerging from the union of four villages that was collectively known as Arbatè Asmera and the city started to develop as an urbanized settlement since the end of the nineteenth century A.D.From about the year 1893 the bulk of the city developed along the infrastructure and urban planning principles of the Italian colony administration. During the said administration urban planning in Asmara had been closely related to that of Italian cities and to those urban features and principles of Western urban planning. At the end of Italian colonialism in April ‘41 Eritrea fell under British administration which reigned until 1952, during which time there were no processes of any urban planning despite the city continuing to grow organically. This situation persisted even during the years of Federation (1952-1962) and annexation (1962-91) in Ethiopia.

In order to understand the development of an organic urban plan of the city during the recent past decades, reference must be made to the beginning of the 70s during which time a new Master Plan for Asmara was conceptualised and developed by the Siena-based architect, Arturo Mezzèdimi. The Town Plan of the Mezzèdimi Firm therefore represented the last comprehensive plan for the city of Asmara.

The thesis concludes by establishing the origins and precursors to the contemporary city of Asmara. It was found that urban development planning was stagnant during the subsequent three decades following the 70s and any new planning would only start to materialise in the year2005, primarily through the initiatives of the Government of Eritrea and international consulting firms. This realised the development of “The Strategic Urban Development Plan, and the Identification of Priority Projects”documentwhich was accompanied by a Strategic Plan and an outline of Urban Planning Regulations. These documents were sourced and their respective contents synthesised in order toinform a true general plan of the entire Greater Asmara Area thereby representing the new beginning of the city. The historic links in the evolution and development of the city of Asmara, in Eritrea, is thereby established.

Like any city, Asmara, a young city even by the standards of young African capitals, is a stage set where the drama of history has unfolded in the most intense and eloquent manner. The territory of Asmara stands at the edge of a space of almost mythical civilisations, ancient religions and proud empires. It is also a natural acropolis in the vastness of Africa, an astoundingly high crest that looks down from above on the coast of the “Eritrean” sea, coming to a halt where the Afar Rift expands and, year after year, rips into the heart of Africa where lions and gnus still roam free. However, in its body, and thus in its history, Asmara is also a fragment of Europe, imported atop the undulating highlands of Hamasien by the presumption of the most fragile and thus most presumptuous of colonial nations: Italy. Less than 130 years later history appears to have intentionally concentrated a host of events, projects, interests, delusions, conflicts and hopes in Asmara that, within the vaster expanses of historical time could have filled dozens of centuries. These metamorphoses were similar to immense waves lapping at a resistant soil, introducing and withdrawing diverse foreign armies, peoples, languages and cultures; and adversities. The results of so much labour have forged the identity of Eritrea, jealously defended for decades, and jealously guarded to this day. Looking carefully in libraries, among printed works dedicated to particular aspects of this identity – numerous and some very important – it is impossible to find a history of Eritrea that is scientifically complete and up to date. This is a serious shortcoming. Yet everything has remained impressed upon the land and, even more eloquently, on the city, on the face and limbs of Asmara. Hence the reconstruction, like that made by the author of this book, of the difficult process of planning the city signifies not only restoring, similar to an animation, the history of the complex growth of an urban organism.
Lucio Valerio Barbera UNESCO Chairholder in “Sustainable Urban Qaality and Urban Culture, notably in Africa”, Sapienza Università di Roma

At the end of the Thirties, from Naples to Massawa (the ‘Port of Empire’, since 1890 an important commercial base and natural access point for anyone wishing to reach Asmara and the Eritrean uplands), the voyage took five days; from the port one could reach the capital of the Colony by train, on an intrepid mountain railway, or by a motor road, Road n° 1 from Dogali – Asmara was only 120 km away. If one wanted to make the journey by air, it took three and a half days, thanks to the ‘Empire Line’, which involved taking a seaplane from the Carlo Del Prete base in Ostia to Benghazi in Libya, and then a plane to the Umberto Maddalena Airport in Asmara, with stops at Cairo, Wadi Haifa, Khartoum and Càssala, on the Sudanese border.

And right next door to the Airport stood the Teleferica Massawa-Asmara, an extraordinary cableway for transporting goods up on to the plateau, at a height difference of 2,326 metres; the cableway had been built in two years, between 1935 and 1937, and at a length of 75 km, was the longest industrial cableway system in the world. It could move in one day the equivalent of thirty train loads, but it was at its full operational capacity for only a few years: in 1941 it was damaged in the war with the British, and ten years later, when Eritrea became a British Protectorate, it was unexpectedly decided to dismantle it. capital of the new country. These events act as a backdrop and form a solid framework for Tecle Misghina’s research – which is not only meticulous but emotionally involved – of which this book is a well-documented summary. Her research is important in that it reconfigures and puts in order various documents, both known and unpublished, in order to build up a chronology and an armoury of references that are indispensable for anyone wishing to carry out further studies on the Eritrean capital. For a project developed within a Doctoral programme, this is, in my opinion, the most important outcome of her research.
Piero Ostilio Rossi, Director of the Department of Architecture and Design, Sapienza Università di Roma